Spaying is the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus of female dogs and cats. Neutering is the removal of the testicles in males. Both procedures are performed under general anesthesia so that no pain will be felt. Pets that are spayed or neutered cannot reproduce.
- Advantages of spaying and neutering
- What age is best?
- Will spaying and neutering make my pet fat?
- The surgical procedure
Advantages of spaying and neutering
The neutered male has a decreased urine odor, less of a tendency to fight and roam, and a significantly lower likelihood of spraying urine to mark territory (this is especially true in the male cat).
The neutered male dog also is less likely to roam or mark territory, and is usually much less aggressive to other dogs and humans. The neutered dog has a much lower risk of prostate disease and cancer.
The spayed female cat and dog will not have reproductive tract disease problems, and will have a much lower risk of mammary cancer.
What age is best?
Dogs and cats can be spayed or neutered any time after 3 months of age, but at Lakeland Veterinary Hospital, we recommend 5 to 7 months as the preferred age range because there is sufficient maturity to reduce risks, but still avoid sexual maturity.
Your pet will be given a pre-surgical physical examination, and then any necessary pre-anesthetic blood tests will beperformed. If everything is acceptable, an IV catheter will be placed and fluids will be started intravenously. This will keep your pet properly hydrated, speed recovery, and enhance the overall safety of the procedure. Your pet will then be anesthetized. Anesthesia will be maintained by gas (isoflurane) delivered through a tube placed in his or her trachea (windpipe). Male cats usually do not require the IV catheter, fluids or gas, as the procedure time to neuter them is much shorter. The entire surgery is performed in a sterile manner, and carefully monitored with high tech equipment by a certified veterinary technician, just as it would be in a human hospital. Following surgery and recovery in our heated recovery suites, your pet will remain under observation in the hospital until the following day. Pets are sent home with pain medications.